GRE作文入门修炼和进阶提高攻略(2)

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原则二:“大胆创新 ,敢于说‘不’” 。

  这个原则是就思想内容本身而提出的  ,主要就ISSUE而言  。之所以如此 ,是因为现在的题库中有太多显而易见的明显带有“常识偏见性”的话题  ,比如下面我们要举例说明的这一题:








  33."Creating an appealing image has become more important in contemporary society than is the reality or truth behind that image."

  我想大部分考生在现场一定会不约而同地对这道题说“DISAGREE”  ,因为传统的教育和是非观很容易让我们接受这样的一个观点——“人不可貌像  ,海水不可斗量”  。这样 ,ETS胆敢认为“表面的虚浮外表比实质的东西重要”  ,充分暴露了它资本主义没落腐朽的罪恶本质和虚伪贪婪的丑恶嘴脸  ,于是打笔一挥  ,打他个鼻青脸肿再说 。不可否认 ,这个话题写“否定”符合正常价值观和正常思维  ,比较容易找到地方下手  ,但是平常我们在训练准备作文时  ,应该在遇到这类“难于从反面论证”的题目尽量摈弃这种正常思维  ,而锻炼自己的“创新思维”  ,即敢于对自己的“陈规思维”说“不” !大家可以发现  ,ETS找来的每道话题都是经过严格的筛选和试验的 ,以保证其客观性和公正性  ,从而无论你对该话题持什么态度  ,都不会影响你在现实中的表现 ,从而每个观点阐述就是一种思维逻辑的“游戏”  ,ETS不是要看你的思想观点到底出不出格  ,而是看你将任何一个你所持有的观点论证的天衣无缝  。因为在ISSUE中  ,你完全可以将一个漏洞百出的话题包装成真理 ,同样也可将真理辩驳成天大的谬误  ,这没有关系 ,对于一个特别注重“新思维”开发的美国人来说  ,创新思维无疑是他们最钟爱的东西 ,这也就是高分作文的一个捷径——求新求异 !我始终相信 ,只要肯往这方面想 ,思维的马达很容易就开动起来 ,通过不断练习 ,你真的会发现你的一手“铜齿铁牙”已经足以让你在GRE作文的考场上称雄称霸 ,“满分”是意料中的事  。下面我提供两篇范文 ,第一篇是正常思维论辩 ,第二篇则是从AGREE的角度来论证 ,读者可以从中参详一二  。

  (范文一  ,反对)

  As a prevalent proverb saying " the mentality for pulchritude is applicable to any one", from the time of primitive age, people have started to pick up some natural raw materials, most of which have chromatic colors or exotic configurations, to embellish their simple furniture, hunting tools, also the clothes people dress themselves, so on and so forth. The tradition has been handed down until today, but great difference has been appeared to the major use of decoration for appealing image, instead of the mainstream for beauty, it now turns to the recommendation to any other else under the circumstance of covering the real face behind the image, which is actually important than the former creativity.

  It is not unfathomable that the ballooning civilization incites the residents of our community to behavior more and more graceful and decorous, which if reflects onto the side of ordinary life the appearance of a person together with his ornamentation is the predominant embodiment. To show respect to your friends the moment to display your polished civility, you should dress neatly, and prepare an elaborated wrapped gift to realize the goal mentioned above, thus taking the use of the creation of an appealing image. And the importance in personal relationship and communication is too ponderous to be neglected.

  However, when we put so much attention on the process of constructing an attractive image, do we ever think about what takes major effect is just the object itself rather than the elaborated appearance? Take the merchandise for instance, the more dazzling the image is, the more the price it is, the difference between a wrapped one and an original one is paid on these seemly futile except for some silly placation individually. Everything should have a deserved value, which is regarded as the fundamental principle of the market operation, tells us that the price should as near as possible to adhere to the real value of the commodity consumers really intend to have instead of the illicit extortion by adopting some alluring tricks such as these meretricious skins. Hence, from the perspective of vast consumers, who care most is the actual quality of the things they want to purchase, the creation of appealing image aggravates the benefits belong to customers, meanwhile gives a disguising shield to help some profiteers to snatch extra bonus originally not merited.

  Besides for these side effects it can produce, when applied to the mask of human nature, what is more important directly determines the destiny of humanistic mentality. A charismatic man only can rely on his wisdom and disposition to appeal others, in that any material things all cannot stand the erosion of time elapsing, while the intrinsic spirit cannot extinguish with the ascendance of ages, only altered with human's own intellectual quality. From the skit of "Hypocritical gentleman" we clearly learns that even if how perfect a man dissembles himself and how much approbation he at first win over from the public, ultimately falsehood will be penetrated and he still can go back nowhere but the initiative himself. Thereby, the lasting attractiveness stems from the unique face veiled under the cover of the superficial mask.

  Overall, despite the beautiful appearance always can gamble the first-eyed excellent impression, either for things or for humans, no better ideas to be taken than to consider more about the decorum and quality of itself, only through this can we make out the real value needed for enamor and evaluation, which teaches us the virtue of sticking to truth, the most important things for ever. (577 words)

  (范文二  ,赞成)

  I support enthusiastically the idea that in contemporary society "creating an appealing image" is much more important than the reality or truth behind it. What I stick to this preference for is based on large amount of personal experiences and reported statistics.

  From the childhood we are encouraged to study industriously as to find a well-paid occupation, and to attain this hankering, endless sweats and bloods have been exhausted from our revere parents. When the day finally comes for graduation, we really have been ready to welcome a new life. But, do you ever think of this question, "Are you actually shape yourself as what you intend to be during the long-range learning life?" Obviously, until your first earned single penny arriving at your hands nothing can be illustrated. Similarly, an elaborate product equipped with most advanced technology after tens of years' research, could be approbated by public, no words might be more convincing if it is enabled to be successfully pushed to the top sales in the commercial market.

  Then, the problem is be disinterred from the surface of reality, what is functioning as the major role in the "sale", either the commodity is "yourself" or some "product". A recent survey reported on an official journal reveals that this year almost 50% of the graduates cannot find favorable job, among which more than half of them even have relatively wonderful resume and education background. How can they fail to sell themselves out at an ideal price? In the process of survey, the surveyor also surprisingly found that many famous companies would rather like to pick up the interviewers whose image is fashionable and characteristic than those who are deprived of this disposition, in spite of their diplomas are much brilliant than the former ones. The survey does evoke my deepest thoughts in my mind.

  Why those companies who are famous for their practical strategies have established such standards to choose their recruits? Well, finally, according to my field research, the answer is too obvious to believe. In the employing market, what you can do is to display yourself like a piece of artwork and then wait for your connoisseur. Then how can you expect your ideal employer will exclaim to you, "I'll take this!, absolutely!" ? Instead of examining your practical capability to fit in the particular work of his apartment, which in fact is not qualified to the real conditions at that moment, he merely justifies your ability through the image appeared in front of him, as the principles tightly held for him that an appealing image is a crucial reflection of the actual substance. Till now, you can easily distinguish the importance of the image, and the reality or truth, before being uncovered under the sun, leave it where it is; it's his destiny. As to the commodity, more facile understanding can be digested in that a taking skin outside the material body is a good propaganda and appealing incentive to lure people's desire for acquisition.

  Hence, it is for quite a simple reason that such appealing image has been becoming more and more momentous: without it, no matter how perfect the reality or truth behind it, no opportunity can they be rendered as their real value escaping the tragedy criticized as zero, just as the end of the survey report saying, many interviewers sadly curses themselves with tears to prefer to never have it. (568 words)

  总结:新思想的形成的确需要不断的积累和思考  ,并非“一朝一夕之功”  ,但是对于实现GRE作文之“思维争辩”目的是极其有益的  ,正是由于这个原因  ,笔者希望考生能够在准备阶段按下列三个步骤仔细思考一下“创新思维”的养成:

  (1)想别人之未曾想  ,即对每个话题挖掘出意想不到的点子和深度 ,可借助上文说的“反向思维”  。

  (2)说别人之所遗漏  ,即别人未点到的方面  ,你可以用顺承的方法继续下去  ,挖掘出全新的立意 。

  (3)言别人之所未言  ,即别人已对该话题的方方面面已有涉及  ,但是可以有全新的语言和视角来重新表达  。